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世界第一艘甲醇驱动引航船正式启航

作者:   发布时间:2021年12月15日    浏览量:257   字体大小:  A+   A- 

世界第一艘甲醇驱动引航船正式启航
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源:Offshore Energy 2021-12-14

翻译:国际海事信息网 顾晋瑄 张运鸿
 
        “Fastwater”项目下的世界第一艘甲醇动力引航船已经正式启航,该项目属于欧洲海事研究和技术领先者组成的联合会,旨在证明改装和新建以甲醇驱动船舶的可行性。
 
        瑞典海事局(Swedish Maritime Administration,简称SMA)名下一艘引航船改装为使用甲醇供能,并提前下水启航。这艘长14.4米、宽4.6米的120 SE型引航船航行仅靠一台以甲醇为燃料的发动机。
 
        它主要由一个固定推进器和压缩点火式甲醇-MD97型发动机组成,其性能与柴油类似。该发动机功率在2,100转/分时可达415千瓦。
 
        由瑞典航运服务提供商ScandiNAOS开发的MD97型发动机符合《IMO Tier III条款》,无需二次处理,预计可减少75%的氮氧化物排放。
 
        据称,该服务商在处理低油耗方面具有出色能力,该引航船及其引擎便是其与劳埃德船级社(Lloyd’s Register)合作设计的。 
 
        如前所述,新型甲醇动力引擎安装在一个普通发动机室中,其中还安装了双壁燃料管、双层油箱、检漏仪和探热器。
 
        SMA航运管理部负责人Fredrik Backman表示:“我们重新设计的引航船是我们向更广范围实现完全零化石燃料供力船只船队目标过渡工作中的重要部分。 当下,引航船将接受一些需要许多小时艰苦且持续的检验测试,然后我们将对这些测试进行评估分析工作。”
 
        在网上举行该船启航活动期间,瑞典国家议会(Swedish National Parliament )成员Johan Büser和Anders Hansson也谈及了该艘典范引航船的重要意义。 
 
        此外,活动还介绍了这艘引航船的转变过程、绿色甲醇提供船舶动力的可行性,以及船舶加油过程等内容。
 
        除这艘引航船外,联合会成员还打算在另外两艘船只上证明使用甲醇燃料供能的可行性,这两艘船分别为港口拖船和海岸警卫船只。 
 
        值得注意的是,“Fastwater“项目专注于创造能产生深远影响力的成果,即为现有船舶或新造船设计解决方案,证明甲醇能够成为未来主要的船用燃料,从而为实现碳中和航运开辟快速通道。具体来说,其目标是将中高速甲醇燃料发动机商业化,并在航运业中投入使用。
 
        (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。) 
 
World’s 1st methanol-powered pilot boat launched
 
The world’s first methanol propelled pilot boat has been launched by the Fastwater project, a consortium of Europe’s maritime research and technology leaders set to demonstrate the feasibility of retrofit and newbuild vessels to operate on methanol.
 
Launched ahead of schedule, one of the Swedish Maritime Administration’s (SMA) pilot boats was converted to run on methanol. This 14.4-metre long and 4.6-metre wide pilot boat 120 SE operates on a single methanol-fueled engine.
 
It features a fixed propeller and the compression ignited Methanol-MD97 engine which has diesel-like performance. The engine’s power goes up to 415 kW at 2,100 rpm.
 
Developed by Swedish shipping services provider ScandiNAOS, the MD97 engine fulfils IMO Tier III requirements without aftertreatments and is expected to reduce NOx by 75%.
 
Said to be super-efficient in terms of low fuel consumption, the pilot boat and engine are designed in cooperation with Lloyd’s Register. 
 
As described, the new methanol powered engine was installed in a normal engine room. Double-walled fuel pipes and double-skinned tank were also installed as well as leakage and heat detectors.
 
“Our redesigned pilot boat is an important piece of the puzzle in our larger and broader transition work towards a completely fossil-free boat and ship fleet. The pilot boat will now be put to the test, something that happens through many hours of tough and continuous testing. Tests that will then be evaluated and analyzed”,said Fredrik Backman, head of shipping management at SMA.
 
During the online launch event, members of the Swedish National Parliament Johan Büser and Anders Hansson also talked about the importance of the pilot boat demonstrator. 
 
Additionally, the pilot boat conversion process, the availability of green methanol, and the bunkering process were described.
 
In addition to the pilot boat, consortium members intend to demonstrate feasibility on two more vessels running on methanol fuel – a harbour tug and a coast guard vessel. 
 
To remind, the Fastwater project focuses on high impact outcomes, designing solutions for existing ships and designs for newbuilds, demonstrating methanol as a future-proof marine fuel to create a fast track to carbon-neutral shipping. Specifically, it aims to commercialise medium and high-speed methanol-fuelled engines for shipping.

来源:simic